Atlas Shrugged by Ayn Rand
This book is set in a dystopian future where private businesses suffer under increasing regulation. This would later lead to Rand developing the philosophy of Objectivism.
Starship Troopers by Robert Heinlein
Set 700 years in the future, Earth is at war with a race of giant bugs known as Arachnids.
Dune by Frank Herbert
Set in the distant future on the planet Arrakis, a barren desert planet but the only source of a powerful drug called melange, or “the spice”.
1984 by George Orwell
In a dystopian future where “Big Brother is Watching You”, any sign of individualism can land you in the torture room.
The Martian Chronicles by Ray Bradbury
A collection of short stories about the colonization of Mars by humans fleeing an unstable Earth, and the conflict that arose between them and the Aboriginal Martians.
I, Robot by Isaac Asimov
A collection of Short Stories following Dr. Calvin, a robopsychologist working for U.S. Robots and Mechanical Men, Inc.
Contact by Carl Sagan
Humanity gets a message from Aliens with plans to build a machine which none have seen before.
The Hyperion Cantos by Dan Simmons
A book series about a group of travelers on a pilgrimage to the Time Tombs on Hyperion.
The Minority Report by Philip K. Dick
The Department of Precrime has cut crime down by almost 100 percent by looking in the future to prevent future crimes.
The Martian by Any Weir
When a dust storm causes Mark Watney to be stranded with no radio, his team leaves him behind believing he is dead.
War of the Worlds by H.G. Wells
Earth is invaded and, soon, taken over by Martians.
Ringworld by Larry Niven
In 2850 Louis Wu gets a mission to investigate to an enormous artificial ring roughly the size of Earth’s orbit.
The Time Machine by H.G. Wells
An English scientist develops a machine that can travel through time.
Brave New World by Aldous Huxly
A dystopian future where your social class is determined at birth based on intelligence, and genetic modification is a reality.
Neuromancer by William Gibson
Washed up computer hacker Henry Case is hired by master criminal Armitage, and cyborg Molly Millions for one last job.
Ender’s Game by Orson Card
Mankind is readying itself for a third invasion by the Formics, a race of insectoids, by training children in increasingly difficult games.
Stranger in a Strange Land by Robert Heinlein
The story follows a human raised by Martians moves to Earth for the first time, and his interactions with Earth’s culture.
Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep by Philip K. Dick
Set in the distant future of 1992, this story follows two plots involving six escaped androids.
Slaughterhouse–Five by Kurt Vonnegut
A Man believes he experienced time travel and was held in an alien zoo.
2001: A Space Odyssey by Arthur C. Clarke
Humans find three monoliths of alien origin.